|Any leaking underground storage tank site may enter into the UECA-LUST Program; however, this program is most beneficial for more complicated sites that may have free product, extensive or deep soil contamination, groundwater contamination, or vapor intrusion impacts. Because a land use covenant restricting certain future property uses will be required to control the risks/exposures, property owners, whether the UST owner or not, must agree to any potential property use restrictions.
The UECA-LUST Program is similar to the Voluntary Remediation Program; however, there are two key differences:
- Extent of Remediation
Remediation through the UECA-LUST Program only addresses contamination associated with the release from the underground storage tank.
In contrast, the Voluntary Remediation Program addresses all contamination associated with historical use of the property.
- Documentation of Remediation
Upon completing risk-based remediation in the UECA-LUST Program, the UST owner receives a "No Further Action" (NFA) letter indicating that response requirements have been fulfilled and satisfactory remediation of the release has been achieved.
In contrast, the Voluntary Remediation Program applicant receives a Certificate of Completion which contains a provision relieving a person who undertook the remediation and subsequent successors and assigns from all liability to the state. This liability protection remains effective as long as the property complies with the applicable standards in effect at the time the Certificate of Completion was issued.
Comparison of LUST Remediation Options
A leak from a regulated underground storage tank may be remediated through one of three different programs to satisfy required compliance. When determining the best pathway for a given site, UST owners should consider the complexity of the site, associated costs, consent of the current property owners, and the desired end result of remediation.