§319 Program Overview


The Clean Water Act §319 requires States to form a Nonpoint Source (NPS) Program and authorizes Congress to provide funds to the States.

General Conditions

The maximum reimbursement is 60% of the total project cost. There must a 40% non-federal match for each grant. Administrative costs, overhead and indirect costs cannot exceed 10% of the grant award. There is a 20% limit on grant monies for non-implementation activities such as planning and monitoring.


Nonpoint Program funds are used for staff, planning activities, operating costs, outreach and education, and AGOs. Program funds also provide money to several partner agencies that implement nonpoint pollution projects. Watershed Project funds provide money for projects based on watershed based plans that attempt to address waters impaired by nonpoint pollution. Selection of projects and activities are driven by the 303(d) list, TMDL development as well as the goals and objectives of the NPS Program's management plan.


Watershed project proposals are due to WVDEP by May 1 which allows the NPS Program time to review the proposals before submitting the state’s entire §319 grant to USEPA by July 1. It often takes six months or more for the state's grants to be reviewed, revised if necessary, and approved by USEPA. Notice of grant awards are usually provided to the state by spring of the following year.


All grantees must submit two semi-annual reports for as long as projects are active. The first semi-annual report covers October 1 through March 31 and is due May 1. The second semi-annual report covers April 1 through September 30 and is due November 1. The NPS Program's annual report is submitted to USEPA by February-March every year.

Project Completion

Final inspections and final reports are required when a project is completed. The reports and GRTS are USEPA's tools for reporting state's progress to Congress. If reports are not recieved on-time grant funds will be compromised.

Contact Us

Timothy Craddock, NPS Program Coordinator
West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection
601 57th Street SE
Charleston, WV 25034
Phone: (304) 414-3868
Email: DEP319@wv.gov
Watershed Basin Coordinators



  • §319 Quick Information Sheet

    The NPS Program's two-page §319 information sheet.

  • 303(d) Impaired Streams List

    Fulfills the reporting requirements under the federal Clean Water Act, Section 303(d) to provide a list of impaired waters and Section 305(b) to provide an overall assessment of WV's waters.

  • NPS Management Plan

    West Virginia's NPS Management Plan

  • Pollutant Load Estimation Techniques

    A pollutant load is the mass or weight of pollutant transported in a specified unit of time from pollutant sources to a waterbody.

  • Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL)

    A Total Maximum Daily Load is a plan of action used to clean up streams that are not meeting water quality standards.

  • Watershed Based Plans (WBP)

    Development of a watershed based plan is the key step in the efforts to restore our rivers and streams from the impacts of nonpoint sources of pollution.

  • Watershed Protection Plans (WPP)

    A watershed protection plan is a document designed to encourage current and future protection of water resources that are not impaired.

§319 Grant Guidance

The purpose of the manuals are to provide guidance on the development and submittal of proposals for CWA §319 watershed project proposals. WV's NPS Program administers §319 grants, which are awarded by the US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) Region III. The grants are dedicated to projects that seek solutions to nonpoint source pollution. The manuals provides information on project eligibility, submittal and evaluation.

We strongly encourage organizations eligible and qualified for §319 funds to work with your regional Basin Coordinator to develop a sound funding proposal. AGO proposals are accepted following an announcement, which can occur periodically. Watershed funding proposals are accepted annually on or before May 1st.

Guidance Documents

  • §319 Watershed Project Grant Guidance

    This guide describes in detail, successful methods and procedures used to implement watershed projects.

  • §319 AGO Guidance

    Additional Grant Opportunities (AGOs) can focus on nonpoint issues in water bodies that may not be impaired or provide monies for special projects not typically funded through watershed project grants.

§319 Guideline Revisions

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) issued revised guidelines to states, territories, and the District of Columbia for the award of §319 grants under the Clean Water Act. These guidelines are requirements that apply to recipients of grants made with funds appropriated by Congress under §319 of the CWA. States and USEPA regions will implement these guidelines beginning in fiscal year 2014 and in subsequent years. These guidelines provide updated program direction, an increased emphasis on watershed project implementation in watersheds with impaired waters, and increased accountability measures.

​Below are highlights of the revised §319 guidelines. It is important that you read and understand how these apply to your current and future 319-funds. By default, all gudelines that must be met by States are passed on to sub-grantees.

Other significant changes in these revised guidelines include:

  • The 2004 guidelines allowed states to use a portion (up to 20%) of their incremental funds for the purposes of developing WBPs and total maximum daily loads (TMDLs). In an effort to increase the focus of §319 funding on watershed project implementation, the revised guidelines remove this allowance and require planning activities to be funded with nonpoint program funds.

  • The guidelines continue to place a strong emphasis on taking a watershed based approach to restore NPS-impaired waters. States will focus watershed project funds primarily on these efforts. A limited amount of watershed project funds may also be used for projects to protect unimpaired/high quality waters when protection is cited as a priority in the state’s updated NPS management program.

  • The guidelines include a renewed focus on updating state NPS management programs on a five year basis, with the expectation that 50% of NPS management program plans will be updated by September 2013, and all management programs will be up-to-date by September 2014.

  • The guidelines provide an increased emphasis on coordination with USDA Farm Bill programs as a way to leverage water quality investments.

  • The 20% base funds cap on the use of §319 funds for statewide NPS monitoring and assessment from the 2004 guidelines has been removed in recognition of the importance of these activities for measuring success and in targeting watershed restoration and protection efforts.

  • For states that go well beyond an expected level of non-federal funds leveraging, the revised guidelines provide an incentive to use the Clean Water State Revolving Fund (CWSRF) and other state or local funding for NPS watershed projects by providing additional flexibility with §319 funds when states provide funding for watershed projects equal to their total §319 allocation.

§319 Resources

  • EPA: 319 Grant: Current Guidance

    Each year, EPA awards Section 319(h) funds to states in accordance with a state-by-state allocation formula that EPA has developed in consultation with the states.

  • §319 of the Clean Water Act

    The 1987 amendments to the Clean Water Act (CWA) established the Section 319 Nonpoint Source Management Program. Section 319 addresses the need for greater federal leadership to help focus state and local nonpoint source efforts.

  • NPS Management Plan

    ​​​Clean Water Act §319 guidelines require that all State NPS Programs revise their Nonpoint Program management plan every five-years.​