MS4 Guidance Manuals
Urban Subwatershed Restoration Manual Series
These manuals provide detailed guidance on how to repair urban watersheds. All of the information contained in these
manuals is beneficial to Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System Operators in West Virginia. The entire series of
manuals were written by the Center for Watershed Protection to organize the enormous amount of information needed to
restore small urban watersheds into a format that can easily be accessed by watershed groups, municipal staff,
environmental consultants and other users.
Urban Subwatershed Restoration Manual No. 1: An Integrated Framework to Restore Small Urban Watersheds (Version 2.0)
Introduces the basic concepts and techniques of urban watershed restoration, and sets forth the overall framework
we use to evaluate subwatershed restoration potential. The manual emphasizes how past subwatershed alterations
must be understood in order to set realistic expectations for future restoration. This manual presents a simple
subwatershed classification system to define expected stream impacts and restoration potential. Defines seven
broad groups of restoration practices, and describes where to look in the subwatershed to implement them. The
manual includes a condensed summary of a planning approach to craft effective subwatershed restoration plans.
Urban Subwatershed Restoration Manual No. 3: Urban Stormwater Retrofit Practices (Version 1.0)
Outlines the basics of retrofits, describes the 13 unique locations where they can be found, and presents rapid
methods to find, design and deliver retrofits to meet a wide range of subwatershed objectives. The manual
contains updated costs for retrofit practices, updated pollutant removal data for stormwater treatment options,
a design point method to estimate individual retrofit removal rates, and practical tips to support the design,
permitting and construction of retrofit projects. In short, the manual provides all the resources needed to
develop an effective local retrofit program.
Urban Subwatershed Restoration Manual No. 4: Urban Stream Repair Practices (Version 1.0)
This stream repair manual concentrates on practices used to enhance the appearance, stability, structure, or
function of urban streams. Presents three broad approaches to urban stream repair - stream cleanups, simple
repairs, and more sophisticated comprehensive repair applications. Outlines how to set appropriate restoration
goals, how to choose the best combination of stream repair practices to meet the goals, and how to assess stream
repair potential at the subwatershed level. Finally, the manual offers practical advice to help design, permit,
construct and maintain stream repair practices in a seris of more than 30 profile sheets.
Urban Subwatershed Restoration Manual No. 8: Pollution Source Control Practices (Version 2.0)
This manual presents several methods to assess subwatershed pollution sources in order to develop and target
education and/or enforcement efforts that can prevent or reduce polluting behaviors and operations. Manual 8
outlines more than 100 different "carrot" and "stick" options that can be used for this purpose. The manual also
presents profile sheets that describe 21 specific stewardship practices for residential neighborhoods, and 15
pollution prevention techniques for control of storm water hotspots.
Municipal Pollution Prevention/Good Housekeeping Practices
This manual outlines ideas on how municipal pollution prevention and good housekeeping practices can be used to
address local water quality issues and watershed restoration goals and objectives.
The manual presents a framework for planning and developing comprehensive and effective pollution prevention and
good housekeeping programs. It is intended primarily for use by smaller NPDES Phase II communities and other
unregulated communities interested in protecting and restoring local water resources.
Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination: A Guidance Manual for Program Development and Technical Assessments
This comprehensive manual is primarily focused on providing municipalities and other MS4 entities with guidance
for the development and implementation of their own IDDE programs. This manual has been organized to address the
broad range of administrative and technical considerations involved with setting up an effective IDDE program.
Monitoring to Demonstrate Environmentl Results
This document presents six monitoring study designs that can be used by Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System
(MS4) communities to assess their local stormwater programs. The central purpose of this manual is to provide
guidance to MS4 communities on developing monitoring studies whose results can help improve their local
stormwater programs by getting more pollutant reduction out of the total community stormwater investment.
Phase II communities are required to develop measureable goals to track progress towards implementing each of the
six minimum management measures. Most communities’ measureable goals are output based (e.g. number of stormwater
treatment practices installed, number of educational brochures distributed), which is useful from a program
accounting standpoint but does not allow changes in water quality as a result of these activities to be
Managing Stormwater in Your Community
This guide is intended for Phase II NPDES Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) communities (which are
required to establish a post-construction program), as well as other non regulated municipalities that are
interested in protecting local water resources. Other entities responsible for implementing post construction
controls, such as military bases, transportation departments, and school districts, will also find this guide
This guide is intended for multiple audiences within a local government. The guide recognizes the important link
between overall comprehensive land use planning and the more technical components of a stormwater program.
Often, land use planners and stormwater managers do not collaborate on large scale land use and development
issues. However, the activities of both groups have a profound impact on the health of watersheds and receiving
waters. The guide, and especially Chapter 3, is meant to bridge this gap and promote a stronger link.
Developing Your Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan: A Guide for Construction Sites
This manual provides detailed guidance on the development of storm water pollution prevention plans (SWPPP) and
identification of best management practices (BMPs) for construction activities. The SWPPP guide is written in a
general format and can be used at most construction sites nationwide. The guide contains a SWPPP template and
sample inspection form which should be customized to meet specific West Virginia permit requirements and the
conditions at the site.
Getting In Step: A Guide for Conducting Watershed Outreach Campaigns
The Getting in Step manual contains tips and tools for creating awareness, educating specific audiences, and
motivating positive behavior change to improve water quality. This manual will help you address public
perceptions, promote stormwater-friendly activities, and inform or motivate stakeholders. It is an excellent
tool to guide and assist communities in developing their public education and outreach campaigns.