Groundwater/UIC Program

The Division of Water and Waste Management's Groundwater/UIC Program coordinates the groundwater protection efforts of the Bureau for Public Health, the Department of Agriculture, and various DEP programs under the authority of the 1991 Groundwater Protection Act and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The Groundwater/UIC Program has seven main responsibilities:

  • Underground Injection Control (UIC)
  • Groundwater Remediation
  • Groundwater Protection Plans
  • Groundwater Variances
  • Septic Tank Seal Registration
  • Monitoring Well Driller Certification
  • Monitor Well Construction/Abandonment

Underground Injection Control (UIC) Program

The Underground Injection Control (UIC) program is designed to ensure that fluids injected underground will not endanger drinking water sources. The Division of Water and Waste Management regulates Class 5 wells. These wells include agriculture drainage wells, improved sinkholes, industrial disposal wells,stormwater wells and septic systems that have the capacity to serve 20 or more people. The Office of Oil and Gas oversees permitting of Class II (Disposal/ Enhanced Recovery) and III (Solution Mining) wells. The following state codes address UIC regulations; 47CSR9, 47CSR13 and 47CSR55. The Division of Mining and Reclamation oversees all mining UIC permits.

For applications and support documents click here.

For additional information regarding UIC permits please contact:

Michelle Finney, Environmental Resources Specialist 3
West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection
Division of Water and Waste Management
601 57th St. SE
Charleston, WV 25304
Phone: (304) 926-0499 x43796
Email: Michelle.L.Finney@wv.gov

Groundwater Remediation Program

The Groundwater Program's Remediation Program is directly involved with the remediation of sites containing contaminated groundwater and soil. As of January 2006, these sites total nearly 200, and include rail yards, factories, refineries, fuel bulk terminals, above-ground fuel tanks, and spills; contaminants range from gasoline, diesel fuel, fuel oil, and chlorinated solvents, to materials such as cow manure. Often, the Groundwater Program is the sole DEP office in charge of site; however, the Program frequently works in conjunction with other DEP offices, such as Environmental Enforcement or the Permitting Section. Sometimes, the Program only provides advice to another DEP office or Federal agency. In general, the Groundwater Program's remedial sites do not fit under the authority of any other DEP agency and the Program is the last recourse for remediation within the DEP system.

Authority for the Program's remedial work is 47CSR12, “Requirements Regarding Groundwater Standards.” Although this authority applies to groundwater, the Program often works to remediate or remove contaminated soils, as the ground water contamination (or the potential for groundwater contamination) cannot be completely abated without such soil work.

For additional information regarding groundwater remediation, please contact:

Don Criss, Geologist 3
West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection
Division of Water and Waste Management
Phone: (304) 354-0474
Email: Don.R.Criss@wv.gov

Groundwater Protection Plans

Groundwater Protection Plans (GPPs) are required for all facilities having the potential to impact groundwater. They are “preventive maintenance” documents that cover all processes and materials at a facility that “may reasonably be expected” to have an effect on groundwater quality. The facility must make an inventory of all potentially contaminating processes and materials, and have structures and practices in place to prevent groundwater contamination from these processes and materials. Groundwater protection practices include, at a minimum, quarterly inspections and maintenance by facility personnel and usually include spill cleanup procedures. Regulations for how to prepare and implement a GPP are found in 47CSR58.

For additional information regarding GPP's, please contact:

Albert Barbery, Geologist 3
West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection
Division of Water and Waste Management
601 57th St. SE
Charleston, WV 25304
Phone: (304) 926-0499 x43769
Email: Albert.Barbery@wv.gov

Groundwater Variances

Variances may be granted by the Legislature to allow exceedance of groundwater quality standards for a single source or class of sources, which, by their nature, cannot be conducted in compliance with the requirements of W. Va. Code 22-12-5, "Groundwater Protection Act". The benefits of granting the variance must outweigh the benefit of complying with existing groundwater quality standards and the applicant must demonstrate that there is no technologically feasible alternative. The request for a variance must also show that the variance is more in the public interest than is adherence to existing groundwater quality standards. The regulations for groundwater variances may be found in 47CSR57.

For additional information regarding groundwater variances, please contact:

Connie Anderson, Environmental Resources Program Manager 3
West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection
Division of Water and Waste Management
601 57th St. SE
Charleston, WV 25304
Phone: (304) 926-0499 x43878
Email: Connie.J.Anderson@wv.gov

Septic Tank Registration

Septic Tank Registration is required by any person who installs a septic tank. The owner of the septic system is required to pay a $30.00 registration fee which is paid to and collected by the County Health Department where the tank is installed. The regulations for septic tank seals may be found in 47CSR55.

For additional information regarding septic tank seal registration, please contact:

Judy Lupson, Environmental Resources Associate
West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection
Division of Water and Waste Management
601 57th St. SE
Charleston, WV 25304
Phone: (304) 926-0499 x43807
Email: Judy.K.Lupson@wv.gov

Monitoring Well Drillers Program

As of March 1, 1997, all monitoring well drillers are required to be certified to operate in West Virginia (47CSR59). A monitoring well is any cased excavation or opening into the ground made by digging, boring, drilling, driving, jetting, or other methods for the purpose of determining the physical, chemical, biological, or radiological properties of groundwater. This definition includes piezometers and observation wells which are to be installed for purposes other than those listed above, but does not include wells whose primary purpose is to provide a supply of potable water. A monitoring well driller is the individual operating the drilling rig when operating, constructing, altering, or abandoning a monitoring well.

To become a certified monitoring well driller, an individual must meet experience requirements and pass a written exam. The examination is free; however, individuals are charged an annual $200 recertification fee. An online monitoring well certification exam is now available to the public. After the required proof of experience is received and verified, the requisite login credentials for exam access will be granted. The exam format is untimed and open book. The test result will be made available to the test taker immediately upon completion. The final providing of certification credentials will then take place administratively.

Underground Storage Tank (UST) installers may apply the monitoring well drillers' training and certification session toward continuing education requirements. The training has been approved for 8 hours each for UST Class A and Class C.

For additional information regarding the monitoring well drillers program, please contact:

Judy Lupson, Environmental Resources Associate
West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection
Division of Water and Waste Management
601 57th St. SE
Charleston, WV 25304
Phone: (304) 926-0499 x43807
Email: Judy.K.Lupson@wv.gov

Monitoring Well Construction and Monitoring Well Abandon forms are available in packs of 25 triplicate forms at a cost of $50 per pack. These may be ordered by sending a check or money order to:

  • WV DEP
    Attn: Judy Lupson, Groundwater Program
    601 57th Street SE
    Charleston, WV 25304

OR

  • Call our Account Section at (304) 926-0499 Ext. 41195 to pay by credit card (Visa/Mastercard only). Please indicate payment is for purchasing Monitoring Well Abandonment or Construction forms.

Monitoring Well Construction/Abandonment

The regulations for the certification of monitoring well drillers and monitoring well installations and alterations are found at 47CSR59. Title 47 Series 60 established the minimum acceptable documentation and standards for the design, installation, construction and abandonment of monitoring wells and for the abandonment of all boreholes.

This area is the starting point for filling out an online Monitoring Well Construction or Abandonment document. If you are interested in completing your documentation online, please follow the procedures below. Only those individuals who are already licensed well drillers may participate in this program.

  • If you have never registered for a login and password, do so now by requesting a user login.
  • Once your information has been verified, you will be issues a login to the system.
  • Once your login has been assigned, you will be notified of your User ID and Password.
  • You will then have access to complete your monitoring well construction and abandonment documentation online.

If you already have your User ID and Password, then click here to begin the program.

For additional information regarding monitoring well construction and/or abandonment, please contact:

Bassam Makar, Environmental Resources Specialist 2
West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection
Division of Water and Waste Management
601 57th St. SE
Charleston, WV 25304
Phone: (304) 926-0499 x43851
Email: Bassam.Y.Makar@wv.gov

Groundwater Guidance Documents, Forms and Reports

Guidance Documents

Forms and Reports

Program Contacts

Connie Anderson, Environmental Resources Program Manager 3
Groundwater Program/Variances
West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection
Division of Water and Waste Management
601 57th St. SE
Charleston, WV 25304
Phone: (304) 926-0499 x43878
Email: Connie.J.Anderson@wv.gov

Thangasamy Saminathan, Environmental Resources Analyst
Technical Matters
West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection
Division of Water and Waste Management
601 57th St. SE
Charleston, WV 25304
Phone: (304) 926-0499 x43762
Email: Thangasamy.Saminathan@wv.gov

Jamie Peterson, Environmental Resources Specialist 3
Groundwater Protection Plans/Field Inspections
West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection
Division of Water and Waste Management
601 57th St. SE
Charleston, WV 25304
Phone: (304) 881-2636
Email: James.A.Peterson@wv.gov

Charles Gentry, Jr., Environmental Resources Specialist 3
Groundwater/Monitoring Well/Field Inspections
West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection
Division of Water and Waste Management
601 57th St. SE
Charleston, WV 25304
Phone: (304) 951-0932
Email: Charles.L.Gentry@wv.gov

Don Criss, Geologist 3
Groundwater Remediation
West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection
Division of Water and Waste Management
Phone: (304) 354-0474
Email: Don.R.Criss@wv.gov

Michelle Finney, Environmental Resources Specialist 3
UIC Permits
West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection
Division of Water and Waste Management
601 57th St. SE
Charleston, WV 25304
Phone: (304) 926-0499 x43796
Email: Michelle.L.Finney@wv.gov

Albert Barbery, Geologist 3
Groundwater Protection Plan Reviews
West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection
Division of Water and Waste Management
601 57th St. SE
Charleston, WV 25304
Phone: (304) 926-0499 x43769
Email: Albert.Barbery@wv.gov

Judy Lupson, Environmental Resources Associate
Groundwater Protection Fees, Monitoring Well Drillers Program
West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection
Division of Water and Waste Management
601 57th St. SE
Charleston, WV 25304
Phone: (304) 926-0499 x43807
Email: Judy.K.Lupson@wv.gov

Bassam Makar, Environmental Resources Specialist 2
Monitoring Well Construction/Abandonment
West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection
Division of Water and Waste Management
601 57th St. SE
Charleston, WV 25304
Phone: (304) 926-0499 x43851
Email: Bassam.Y.Makar@wv.gov