West Virginia Fish

Brook Trout

West Virginia’s waters are blessed with a variety of fish resources, including 178 species and 3 hybrid sport fishes distributed among 24 different families. Interestingly, approximately 20 percent are sport fishes, 80% are nongame fishes and 75% are found in just five families: (60-species) of carps and minnows, (31) perch, (18) suckers, (14) bass and sunfish and (12) catfish. The list of fishes that follows is a compilation of the presently known species in West Virginia and the watersheds where they are generally found. This list was generated from the Fishes of WV: A Field Checklist available from DNR's Natural Heritage Program.

The abbreviations are for the greater Ohio (O), New (N), Potomac (P) and James (J) river watersheds. The drainage indicated does not necessarily mean that the fish is found in all minor or major tributaries. Different habitat preferences will dictate where the fishes will be located. Note: (R) indicates rare, uncommon, undetermined status or limited range.


  • Catostomidae - (O) Bigmouth buffalo R; Black buffalo R; Black redhorse; Blue suckerR; Highfin carpsucker R; Longnose sucker R; Quillback; River carpsucker; River redhorse; Silver redhorse; Smallmouth buffalo; Spotted sucker; (P) Creek chubsucker; (OP) Shorthead redhorse; (NOP) Golden redhorse; Torrent sucker; (JNOP) Northern hog sucker; White sucker
  • Centrarchidae - (O) Orange spotted sunfish; Redear sunfish; Warmouth; (NO) Spotted bass; (NOP) Black crappie; White crappie; Longear sunfish; (JNOP) Pumpkinseed; Redbreast sunfish; Bluegill; Green sunfish; Largemouth bass; Rock bass; Smallmouth bass
  • Clupeidae - (O) Gizzard shad; Skipjack herring; Threadfin shad; (NO) Alewife
  • Cottidae - (N) Banded sculpin R; Bluestone sculpin; (P) Potomac sculpin; Slimy sculpin R; (JNOP) Mottled sculpin
  • Cyprinidae - (O) Bigmouth chub; Kanawha minnow R; New River shiner R; Rudd minnow; (N) Bigeye chub; Bighead carp; Bigmouth shinerR; Bullhead minnow R; Central stoneroller; Channel shiner; Cheat minnow R; Comely shiner; Ghost shiner; Mississippi silvery minnow R; Popeye Shiner R; Pugnose minnow R; Redfin shiner; Redside dace R; River shiner; Rosefin shiner R; Silver chub; Southern redbelly dace; Speckled chub; Steelcolor shiner; Suckermouth minnow; (P) Eastern silvery minnow R; Fallfish; Satinfin shiner R; Swallowtail shiner; (JN) Bluehead chub; Mountain redbelly dace; (NO) Mimic shiner; Sand shiner; Silver shiner; Silverjaw minnow; Streamline chub; Striped shiner; Tonguetied minnow R; White shiner; Whitetail shiner; (OP) Pearl dace R; (JNO) Blueside shiner R; Telescope shiner; (JNP) Cutlips minnow; (JOP) River chub; Common shiner; (NOP) Bluntnose minnow; Emerald shiner; Fathead minnow; Goldfish; Grass carp; Spotfin shiner; Spottail shiner; (JNOP) Blacknose dace; Common carp; Creek chub; Golden shiner; Longnose dace; Rosyface shiner; Rosyside dace
  • Esocidae - (O) Grass pickerel; (P) Redfin pickerel R; (NP) Chain pickerel; (OP) Northern pike; (NOP) Hybrid tiger musky; Muskellunge
  • Fundulidae - (O) Northern studfish; (P) Mummichog; (OP) Banded killifish R
  • Ictaluridae - (O) Brindled madtom; Mountain madtom R; Northern madtom R; White catfish; Blue catfish R; (NO) Black bullhead; Flathead catfish; Stonecat; (NOP) Brown bullhead; Yellow bullhead; (JOP) Margined madtom; (JNOP) Channel catfish
  • Percichthyidae - (O) White perch; (NO) Striped bass; White bass; (NOP) Hybrid striped bass
  • Percidae - (O) Stripeback darter R; (J) Appalachia darter R; Snub-nosed darter; Candy darter R; (N) Banded darter; Blackside darter; Bluebreast darter; Channel darter; Crystal darter R; Dusky darter; Eastern sand darter; Gilt darter R; Longhead darter R; Sauger; Slenderhead darter; Spotted darter R; River darter R; Tippecanoe darter; Variegate darter; (P) Longfin darterR; Shield darter; Tessellated darter; (JN) Roanoke darter; (NO) Logperch; Sharpnose darter; (JNO) Johnny darter; (NOP) Greenside darter; Rainbow darter; Walleye; Yellow perch; (JNOP) Fantail darter
  • Petromyzontidae - (O) American brook lamprey; Northern brook lamprey; Mountain brook lamprey; Ohio lamprey R; Silver lamprey R; (NO) Least brook lamprey
  • Salmonidae - (P) Cutthroat trout; (JNOP) Brook trout; Brown trout; Golden trout; Rainbow trout